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EARLY BEGINNINGS:

Law Reform has been a continuing process particularly during the last 300 years or more in Indian history. In the ancient period, when religious and customary law occupied the field, reform process had been ad hoc and not institutionalised through duly constituted law reform agencies. However, since the third decade of the nineteenth century, Law Commissions were constituted by the Government from time to time and were empowered to recommend legislative reforms with a view to clarify, consolidate and codify particular branches of law where the Government felt the necessity for it. The first such Commission was established in 1834 under the Charter Act of 1833 under the Chairmanship of Lord Macaulay which recommended codification of the Penal Code, the Criminal Procedure Code and a few other matters. Thereafter, the second, third and fourth Law Commissions were constituted in 1853, 1861 and 1879 respectively which, during a span of fifty years contributed a great deal to enrich the Indian Statute Book with a large variety of legislations on the pattern of the then prevailing English Laws adapted to Indian conditions. The Indian Code of Civil Procedure, the Indian Contract Act, the Indian Evidence Act, the Transfer of Property Act. etc. are products of the labour of the first four Law Commissions.

POST-INDEPENDENCE DEVELOPMENTS:

After independence, the Constitution of India with its Fundamental Rights and Directive Principles of State Policy gave a new direction to law reform geared to the needs of a democratic legal order in a plural society. Though the Constitution stipulated the continuation of pre-Constitution Laws (Article 372) till they are amended or repealed, there had been demands in Parliament and outside for establishing a Central Law Commission to recommend revision and updating of the inherited laws to serve the changing needs of the country. The Government of India reacted favourably and established the First Law Commission of Independent India in 1955 with the then Attorney-General of India, Mr. M. C. Setalvad, as its Chairman. This Commission produced the following reports:-

REPORTS SUBMITTED BY FIRST LAW COMMISSION

No. of the Report

Subject

Date of Presentation

1.

Liability of the State in Tort.

11. 5. 1956

2.

Parliamentary Legislation relating to Sales Tax.

2. 7. 1956

3.

Limitation Act, 1908

21. 7. 56

4.

On the proposal that High Courts should sit in Benches at different places in a State

1. 8. 56

5.

British Statutes Applicable to India.

11. 5. 57

6.

Registration Act, 1908

13. 7. 57

7.

Partnership Act, 1932

13. 7. 57

8.

Sale of Goods Act, 1930

1. 3. 58

9.

Specific Relief Act, 1877

19. 7. 58

10

Law of Acquisition and Requisitioning of Land.

26. 9. 58

11

Negotiable Instruments Act, 1881

26. 9. 58

12

Income-Tax Act, 1922

26. 9. 58

13

Contract Act, 1872

26. 9. 58

14

Reform of Judicial Administration

16. 9. 58

Since then twenty more Law Commissions have been appointed, each with a three-year term and with different terms of reference. The names of Chairman who presided over these Commissions are given below:-

Second Law Commission

1958-61

Mr. Justice T. V. Venkatarama Aiyar.

Third Law Commission

1961-64

Mr. Justice J. L. Kapur

Fourth Law Commission

1964-68

Mr. Justice J. L. Kapur

Fifth Law Commission

1968-71

Mr. K. V. K. Sundaram, I. C. S.

Sixth Law Commission

1971-74

Mr. Justice Dr. P. B. Gajendragadkar

Seventh Law Commission

1974-77

Mr. Justice Dr. P. B. Gajendragadkar

Eighth Law Commission

1977-79

Mr. Justice H. R. Khanna

Ninth Law Commission

1979-80

Mr. Justice P. V. Dixit

Tenth Law Commission

1981-85

Mr. Justice K. K. Mathew

Eleventh Law Commission

1985-88

Mr. Justice D. A. Desai

Twelfth Law Commission

1988-91

Mr. Justice M. P. Thakkar

Thirteenth Law Commission

1991-94

Mr. Justice K. N. Singh

Fourteenth Law Commission

1995-97

Mr. Justice K Jayachandra Reddy

Fifteenth Law Commission

1997-2000

Mr. Justice B. P. Jeevan Reddy

Sixteenth Law Commission

 

2000-2001

2002-2003

Mr. Justice B. P. Jeevan Reddy

Mr. Justice M. Jagannadha Rao

Seventeenth Law Commission

2003-2006

Mr. Justice M. Jagannadha Rao

Eighteenth Law Commission

2006-2009

Dr. Justice AR Lakshmanan

Nineteenth Law Commission

2009-2012

Shri Justice P. V. Reddi

The List of reports the earlier Law Commissions including present Law Commission have forwarded to the Government during the past four decades is given at the end of this monograph.

 

THE TWENTIETH LAW COMMISSION

 

The Twentieth Law Commission was constituted through a Government Order with effect from 1st September, 2012. It has a three-year term, ending on 31st August, 2015. The Commission presently comprises of the following:-

 

Mr. Justice A. P. Shah, Former Chief Justice,
Delhi High Court

Chairman

(w. e. f. 21.11.2013)

Mr. Justice S.N. Kapoor, Former Judge,
Delhi High Court
Member(Full-time)
Ms. Justice Usha Mehra, Former Judge,
Delhi High Court
Member(Full-time)
Prof. (Dr.) Mool Chand Sharma, Former Vice-Chancellor, Central University of Haryana
Member(Full-time)
Shri N. L. Meena
Member-Secretary
Dr. Brahm A. Agrawal, Law Secretary
Member(Ex-Officio)

Shri P. K. Malhotra, Secretary (Legislative)

Member(Ex-Officio)

Prof. (Dr.) G. Mohan Gopal
Member(Part-time)
Shri R. Venkataramani, Sr. Advocate
Member(Part-time)
Prof. (Dr.) Yogesh Tyagi
Member(Part-time)

Dr. Bijai Narain Mani

Member(Part-time)

Prof.(Dr.) Gurjeet Singh

Member(Part-time)

 

The Commission is empowered to have five part-time Members and/or Consultants depending upon the need and on the Approval of the Government. The Terms of Reference of the Twentieth Law Commission are as follows:-

A.  Review/Repeal of obsolete laws:

i.             Identify laws which are no longer needed or relevant and can be immediately repealed.

ii.           Identify laws which are not in harmony with the existing climate of economic liberalization and need change.

iii.          Identify laws which otherwise require changes or amendments and to make suggestions for their amendment.

iv.          Consider in a wider perspective the suggestions for revision/amendment given by Expert Groups in various Ministries/Departments with a view to coordinating and harmonizing them.

v.            Consider references made to it by Ministries/Departments in respect of legislation having bearing on the working of more than one Ministry/Department.

vi.          Suggest suitable measures for quick redressal of citizens grievances, in the field of law.

 

B. Law and Poverty

 

i.             Examine the Laws which affect the poor and carry out post-audit for socio-economic legislations.

ii.           Take all such measures as may be necessary to harness law and the legal process in the service of the poor.

 

C. Keep under review the system of judicial administration to ensure that it is responsive to the reasonable demands of the times and in particular to secure:

 

i.             Elimination of delays, speedy clearance of arrears and reduction in costs so as to secure quick and economical disposal of cases without affecting the cardinal principle that decision should be just and fair.

ii.           Simplification of procedure to reduce and eliminate technicalities and devices for delay so that it operates not as an end in itself but as a means of achieving justice.

iii.          Improvement of standards of all concerned with the administration of justice.

 

D.  Examine the existing laws in the light of Directive Principles of State Policy and to suggest ways of improvement and reform and also to suggest such legislations as might be necessary to implement the Directive Principles and to attain the objectives set out in the Preamble to the Constitution.

E.  Examine the existing laws with a view for promoting gender equality and suggesting amendments thereto.

 

F.  Revise the Central Acts of general importance so as to simplify them and to remove anomalies, ambiguities and inequities.

 

G. Recommend to the Government measure for making the statute book up-to-date by repealing obsolete laws and enactments or parts thereof which have outlived their utility.

H.     Consider and to convey to the Government its views on any subject relating to law and judicial administration that may be specifically referred to it by the Government through Ministry of Law and Justice (Department of Legal Affairs).

I.       Consider the requests for providing research to any foreign countries as may be referred to it by the Government through Ministry of Law and Justice (Department of Legal Affairs).

J.  Examine the impact of globalization on food security, unemployment and recommend measures for the protection of the interests of the marginalized.

FOLLOW-UP

The Reports of the Law Commission are considered by the Ministry of Law in consultation with the concerned administrative Ministries and are submitted to Parliament from time to time. They are cited in Courts, in academic and public discourses and are acted upon by concerned Government Departments depending on the Government's recommendations.

The Law Commission of India has forwarded 243 Reports so far on different subjects.

HOW DOES THE COMMISSION FUNCTION

The Commission's regular staff consists of about a dozen research personnel of different ranks and varied experiences. A small group of secretarial staff looks after the administration side of the Commission's operations.

Basically the projects undertaken by the Commission are initiated in the Commission's meetings which take place frequently. Priorities are discussed, topics are identified and preparatory work is assigned to each member of the Commission. Depending upon the nature and scope of the topic, different methodologies for collection of data and research are adopted keeping the scope of the proposal for reform in mind.

Discussion at Commission meetings during this period helps not only in articulating the issues and focussing the research, but also evolving a consensus among members of the Commission. What emerges out of this preparatory work in the Commission is usually a working paper outlining the problem and suggesting matters deserving reform. The paper is then sent out for circulation in the public and concerned interest groups with a view to eliciting reactions and suggestions. Usually a carefully prepared questionnaire is also sent with the document.

The Law Commission has been anxious to ensure that the widest section of people are consulted in formulating proposals for law reforms. In this process, partnerships are established with professional bodies and academic institutions. Seminars and workshops are organised in different parts of the country to elicit critical opinion on proposed strategies for reform.

Once the data and informed views are assembled, the Commission's staff evaluates them and organises the information for appropriate introduction in the report which is written either by the Member-Secretary or one of the Members or the Chairman of the Commission. It is then subjected to close scrutiny by the full Commission in prolonged meetings. Once the Report and summary are finalised, the Commission may decide to prepare a draft amendment or a new bill which may be appended to its report. Thereafter, the final report is forwarded to the Government.

It is obvious that the success of the Commission's work in law reforms is dependent upon its capacity to assemble the widest possible inputs from the public and concerned interest groups. The Commission is constantly on the look out for strategies to accomplish this goal within the limited resources available to it. In this regard the media plays an important role which the Commission proposes to tap more frequently than before.

The Commission welcomes suggestions from any person, institution or organisation on the issues under consideration of the Commission, which may be sent to the Member-Secretary.

                            LAW COMMISSION OF INDIA

LIST OF REPORTS FORWARDED (1955-2012)

 

FIRST LAW COMMISSION

SECOND LAW COMMISSION

THIRD LAW COMMISSION

FOURTH LAW COMMISSION

FIFTH LAW COMMISSION

SIXTH LAW COMMISSION

SEVENTH LAW COMMISSION

EIGHTH LAW COMMISSION

NINTH LAW COMMISSION

TENTH LAW COMMISSION

ELEVENTH LAW COMMISSION

TWELFTH LAW COMMISSION

THIRTEENTH LAW COMMISSION

FOURTEENTH LAW COMMISSION

FIFTEENTH LAW COMMISSION

SIXTEENTH LAW COMMISSION

SEVENTEENTH LAW COMMISSION

EIGHTEENTH LAW COMMISSION

NINETEENTH LAW COMMISSION

 

No. of the Report

Subject

Year of submission

First Law Commission

(Chairman Mr. M. C. Setalvad 1955-1958)

1.

Liability of the State in Torts.

1956

2.

Parliamentary Legislation relating to Sales Tax.

1956

3.

Limitation Act, 1908

1956

4.

On the proposal that High Courts should sit in Benches at different places in a State.

1956

5.

British Statutes applicable to India.

1957

6.

Registration Act, 1908

1957

7.

Partnership Act, 1932

1957

8.

Sale of Goods Act, 1930

1958

9.

Specific Relief Act, 1877

1958

10.

Law of Acquisition and Requisitioning of Land.

1958

11.

Negotiable Instruments Act, 1881

1958

12.

Income Tax Act, 1922

1958

13.

Contract Act, 1872

1958

14.

Reform of Judicial Administration.

1958

BACK TO LAW COMMISSION

Second Law Commission

(Chairman Mr. Justice T. L. Venkatrama Aiyar 1958-1961)

15.

Law relating to Marriage and Divorce amongst Christians in India.

1960

16.

Official Trustees Act, 1913.

1960

17.

Report on Trusts Act, 1882.

1961

18.

Converts’ Marriage Dissolution Act, 1866.

1961

19.

The Administrator-General's Act, 1913.

1961

20.

The Law of Hire-Purchase

1961

21.

Marine Insurance

1961

22.

Christian Marriage and Matrimonial Causes Bill,1961

1961

 

BACK TO LAW COMMISSION

Third Law Commission

(Chairman Mr. Justice J. L. Kapur 1961-1964)

23.

Law of Foreign Marriages.

1962

24.

The Commission of Inquiry Act, 1952

1962.

25.

Evidence of Officers about forged stamps, currency notes, etc. Section 509-A Cr.P.C. as proposed.

1963

26.

Insolvency Laws

        1964

27.

The Code of Civil Procedure, 1908.

        1964

28.

The Indian Oaths Act, 1873.

1964

 

BACK TO LAW COMMISSION

Fourth Law Commission

(Chairman Mr. Justice J. L. Kapur 1964-1968)

29.

Proposal to include certain Social and Economic Offences in the Indian Penal Code

1966

30.

Section 5 of the Central Sales Tax Act, 1956, taxation by the States of Sales in the course of import.

1967

31.

Section 30(2) of the Indian Registration Act, 1908-Extension to Delhi.

1967

32.

Section 9 of the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1898-Appointment of Sessions Judges, Additional Session Judges and Assistant Sessions Judges.

1967

33.

Section 44, Code of Criminal Procedure, 1898.

1967

34.

Indian Registration Act, 1908.

1967

35.

Capital Punishment.

1967

36.

Sections 497, 498 and 499 of the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1898-Grant of bail with condition.

1967

37.

The Code of Criminal Procedure, 1898 (Sections 1 to 176).

1967

38.

Indian Post Office Act, 1898.

1968

 

 

BACK TO LAW COMMISSION

Fifth Law Commission

(Chairman Mr. K. V. K. Sundaram 1968-1971)

39.

Punishment of imprisonment for life under the Indian Penal Code.

1968

40.

Law relating to attendance of Prisoners in Courts.

1969

41.

The Code of Criminal Procedure, 1898.

1969

42.

Indian Penal Code.

1971

43.

Offences against the National Security.

1971

44.

The Appellate jurisdiction of the Supreme Court in Civil Matters.

1971

 

BACK TO LAW COMMISSION

Sixth Law Commission

(Chairman Mr. Justice Dr. P. B. Gajendragadkar 1971-1974)

45.

Civil Appeals to the Supreme Court on a Certificate of Fitness.

1971

46.

The Constitution (Twenty-fifth Amendment) Bill,1971.

1971

47.

The Trial and Punishment of Social and Economic Offences.

1972

48.

Some questions under the Code of Criminal Procedure Bill, 1970.

1972

49.

The Proposal for inclusion of agricultural income in the total income for the purpose of determining the rate of tax under the Income-tax Act, 1961.

1972

50.

The Proposal to include persons connected with Public examination within the definition of "Public Servant" in the Indian Penal Code.

1972

51.

Compensation for injuries caused by automobiles in hit-and-run cases.

1972

52.

Estate Duty on Property acquired after death.

1972

53.

Effect of the Pensions Act, 1871 on the right to sue for pensions of retired members of the public services.

1972

54.

The Code of Civil Procedure, 1908.

1973

55.

Rate of interest after decree and interest on costs under sections 34 and 35, of the Code of Civil Procedure, 1908.

1973

56.

Statutory Provisions as to Notice of suit other than section 80, Civil Procedure Code.

1973

57.

Benami Transactions.

1973

58.

Structure and Jurisdiction of the Higher Judiciary.

1974

59.

Hindu Marriage Act, 1955 and Special Marriage Act, 1954.

1974

60.

The General Clauses Act, 1897.

1974

61.

Certain problems connected with power of the States to levy a tax on the sale of goods and with the Central Sales Tax Act, 1956.

1974

 

BACK TO LAW COMMISSION

Seventh Law Commission

(Chairman Mr. Justice Dr. P. B. Gajendragadkar 1974-1977)

62.

Workmen's Compensation Act, 1923.

1974

63.

The Interest Act, 1839.

1975

64.

The Suppression of Immoral Traffic in Women and Girls Act, 1956.

1975

65.

Recognition of Foreign Divorces

1976

66.

Married Women's Property Act, 1874.

1976

67.

The Indian Stamp Act, 1899.

1977

68

The Powers of Attorney Act, 1882

1977

69

The Indian Evidence Act, 1872.

1977

70

The Transfer of Property Act, 1882.

1977

 

BACK TO LAW COMMISSION

Eighth Law Commission

(Chairman Mr. Justice H. R. Khanna, 1977-1979)

71

The Hindu Marriage Act, 1955- Irretrievable breakdown of marriage as a ground of divorce.

1978

72

Restriction on practice after being a permanent Judge, Article 220 of the Constitution.

1978

73

Criminal liability for failure by Husband to pay maintenance or permanent alimony granted to the wife By the court under certain enactments or rules of law.

1978

74

Proposal to amend the Indian Evidence Act, 1872 so as to render Admissible certain statements made By witnesses before Commission of Inquiry and other statutory authorities.

1978

75

Disciplinary Jurisdiction under the Advocates Act, 1961.

1978

76

Arbitration Act, 1940.

1978

77

Delay and arrears in trial courts.

1979

78

Congestion of under trial prisoners in jails.

1979

79

Delay and Arrears in High Courts and other Appellate Courts.

1979

80

Method of Appointment of Judges.

1979

 

BACK TO LAW COMMISSION 

Ninth Law Commission

(Chairman Mr. Justice P. V. Dixit 1979-1980)

81

Hindu Widows Re-marriage Act, 1856.

1979

82

Effect of nomination under section 39, Insurance Act, 1938.

1980

83

The Guardians and Wards Act, 1890 and certain provisions of the Hindu Minority and Guardianship Act, 1956.

1980

84

Rape and allied offences-some questions of substantive law, procedure and evidence.

1980

85

Claims for compensation under Chapter 8 of the Motor Vehicles Act, 1939.

1980

86

The Partition Act, 1893.

1980

87

Identification of Prisoners Act, 1920.

1980

 

BACK TO LAW COMMISSION 

Tenth Law Commission

(Chairman Mr. Justice K. K. Mathew 1981-1985)

88

Governmental Privilege in Evidence: Sections 123-124 and 162, Indian Evidence Act, 1872 and Articles 74 and 163 of the Constitution.

1983

89

The Limitation Act, 1963.

1983

90

The Grounds of Divorce amongst Christians in India: section 10, of the Indian Divorce Act, 1869.

1983

91

Dowry deaths and law reform: Amending the Hindu Marriage Act, 1955, the Indian Penal Code, 1860 and the Indian Evidence Act, 1872.

1983

92

Damages in applications for Judicial Review Recommendations for legislation.

1983

93

Disclosure of sources of information by mass media.

1983

94

Evidence obtained illegally or improperly: proposed section 166A, Indian Evidence Act, 1872.

1983

95

Constitutional Division within the Supreme Court- A proposal for.

1984

96

Repeal of certain obsolete Central Acts.

1984

97

Section 28, Indian Contract Act, 1872: prescriptive clauses in contracts.

1984

98

Sections 24 to 26, Hindu Marriage Act, 1955: Orders for interim maintenance and orders for the maintenance of children in matrimonial proceedings.

1984

99

Oral and written arguments in the Higher courts.

1984

100

Litigation by and against the Government: some recommendations for reform.

1984

101

Freedom of Speech and Expression under Article 19 of the Constitution: recommendation to extend it to Indian Corporations.

1984

102

Section 122(1) of the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973: imprisonment for breach of bond for keeping the peace with sureties.

1984

103

Unfair Terms in Contract.

1984

104

The Judicial Officers' Protection Act, 1850.

1984

105

Quality Control and Inspection of consumer goods.

1984

106

Section 103A, Motor Vehicles Act, 1939: effect of Transfer of a Motor Vehicle on Insurance.

1984

107

Law of Citizenship.

1984

108

Promissory Estoppel.

1984

109

Obscene and Indecent advertisements and Displays: sections 292-293, Indian Penal Code.

1985

110

The Indian Succession Act, 1925.

1985

111

The Fatal Accidents Act, 1855.

1985

112

Section 45 of the Insurance Act, 1938.

1985

113

Injuries in Police Custody- Suggested section 114B, Evidence Act.

1985

 

BACK TO LAW COMMISSION 

Eleventh Law Commission

(Chairman Mr. Justice D. A. Desai 1985-1988)

114

Gram Nyayalaya.

1986

115

Tax Courts.

1986

116

Formation of an All India Judicial Service.

1986

117

Training of Judicial Officers.

1986

118

Method of appointment to subordinate courts/ subordinate judiciary.

1986

119

Access to Exclusive Forum for Victims of Motor Accidents under Motor Vehicles Act, 1939.

1987

120

Manpower Planning in Judiciary: A Blueprint

1987

121

A New Forum for Judicial Appointments.

1987

122

Forum for National Uniformity in Labour Adjudication.

1987

123

Decentralisation of Administration of Justice:Disputes Involving Centres of Higher Education.

1988

124

The High Court Arrears- A Fresh Look.

1988

125

The Supreme Court- A Fresh Look.

1988

126

Government and Public Sector Undertaking Litigation Policy and Strategies.

1988

127

Resource Allocation for Infra-structural Services in Judicial Administration (A continuum of the Report on Manpower Planning in Judiciary: A Blueprint).

 

128

Cost of Litigation.

1988

129

Urban Litigation – Mediation as alternative to Adjudication.

1988

130

Benami Transactions:A Continuum.

1988

131

Role of legal profession in Administration of Justice.

1988

 

BACK TO LAW COMMISSION 

Twelfth Law Commission

(Chairman Mr. Justice M. P. Thakkar 1988-1991)

132

Need for Amendment of the Provisions of the Chapter IX of the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973 in order to ameliorate the hardship and mitigate the distress of Neglected Women, Children and Parents.

1989

133

Removal of Discrimination against Women in matters relating to Guardianship and Custody of Minor Children and Elaboration of the Welfare Principle.

1989

134

Removing Deficiencies in certain Provisions of the Workmen's Compensation Act, 1923.

1989

135

Women in Custody.

1989

136

Conflicts in High Court Decisions on Central Laws- How to foreclose and how to resolve.

1990

137

Need for creating office of Ombudsman and for evolving legislative administrative measures inter-alia to relieve hardships caused by inordinate delays in settling Provident Fund claims of beneficiaries.

1990

138

Legislative Protection for Slum and Pavement Dwellers.

1990

139

Urgent need to amend Order XXI, Rule 92(2), Code of Civil Procedure to remove an anomaly which nullifies the benevolent intention of the legislature and occasions injustice to judgement-debtors sought to be benefited.

1991

140

Need to amend Order V, Rule 19A of the Code of Civil Procedure, 1908, relating to service of summons by registered post with a view to foreclose likely injustice.

1991

141

Need for amending the law as regards power of courts to restore criminal revisional applications and criminal cases dismissed for default in appearance.

1991

142

Concessional treatment for offenders who on their own initiative choose to plead guilty without any bargaining.

1991

143

Legislative safeguards for protecting the small depositors from exploitation.

1991

 

BACK TO LAW COMMISSION  

Thirteenth Law Commission

(Chairman Mr. Justice K. N. Singh 1991-1994)

144

Conflicting Judicial decisions pertaining to the Code of Civil Procedure, 1908.

1992

145

Article 12 of the Constitution and Public Sector Undertakings.

1992

146

Sale of Women and Children: Proposed Section 373-A, Indian Penal Code.

1993

147

The Specific Relief Act, 1963.

1993

148

Repeal of Certain pre-1947 Central Acts.

1993

149

Removal of certain deficiencies in the Motor Vehicles Act, 1988 (Act No. 59 of 1988).

1994

150

Suggesting some Amendments to the Code of Civil Procedure (Act No. V of 1908).

1994

151

Admiralty Jurisdiction.

1994

152

Custodial Crimes.

1994

153

Inter-Country Adoption.

1994

 

BACK TO LAW COMMISSION 

Fourteenth Law Commission

(Chairman Mr. Justice K. J. Reddy 1995-1997)

154

The Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973 (Act No. 2 of 1974).

1996

155

The Narcotics Drugs and Psychotropic Substances Act, 1985(Act No. 61 of 1985).

1997

156

The Indian Penal Code.

1997

 

BACK TO LAW COMMISSION 

Fifteenth Law Commission

(Chairman Mr. Justice B. P. Jeevan Reddy 1997-2000)

157

Section 52:Transfer of Property Act, 1882 and its Amendment.

1998

158

The Amendment of the Industries (Development and Regulation) Act, 1951

1998

159

Repeal and Amendment of Laws: Part I

1998

160

Amendment to the All India Council for Technical Education Act, 1987 (Act No. 52 of 1987)

1998

161

Central Vigilance Commission and Allied Bodies.

1998

162

Review of functioning of Central Administrative Tribunal, Customs, Excise and Gold (Control) Appellate Tribunal and Income-Tax Appellate Tribunal

1998

163

The Code of Civil Procedure (Amendment) Bill, 1997

1998

164

The Indian Divorce Act, 1869 (Act IV of 1869)

1998

165

Free and Compulsory Education for Children

1998

166

The Corrupt Public Servants (forfeiture of property) Bill.

1999

167

The Patents (Amendment) Bill, 1998.

1999

168

The Hire-Purchase Act, 1972

1999

169

Amendment of Army, Navy and Air Force Act.

1999

170

Reform of the Electoral Laws

        1999

    171

The Biodiversity Bill, 2000

         2000

   172

Review of Rape Laws

         2000

173

Prevention of Terrorism Bill, 2000

         2000

174

Property Rights of Women: Proposed Reforms Under the Hindu Law

         2000

BACK TO LAW COMMISSION

Sixteenth Law Commission

(Chairman Mr. Justice B. P. Jeevan Reddy 2000-2001)

(Chairman Mr. Justice M. Jagannadha Rao 2002-2003) 

175

 

The Foreigners (Amendment) Bill, 2000

2000

176

The Arbitration and conciliation (Amendment) Bill, 2002

2001

 177

Law Relating to Arrest

2001

178

Recommendations for amending various enactments, both civil and criminal

         2001

179

 

Public Interest Disclosure and Protection of Informers

         2001

 

180

Article 20 (3) of the Constitution of India and Right to Silence

2002

181

Amendment to Section 106 of the Transfer of Property Act, 1882

2002

182

Amendment of Section 6 of the Land Acquisition Act,  1894.

2002

183

A Continuum on the General Clauses Act, 1897 with special reference to the admissibility and codification of external aids to interpretation of statutes.

2002

184

Legal Education & Professional Training and Proposals for amendments to the Advocates Act, 1961 and the University Grants Commission Act, 1956.

2002

185

Review of the Indian Evidence Act, 1872.

2003

 

 

BACK TO LAW COMMISSION

SEVENTEENTH LAW COMMISSION

(Chairman Mr. Justice M. Jagannadha Rao 2003-2006) 

186

Proposal to Constitute Environment Courts

2003

187

Mode of Execution of Death Sentence and Incidental Matters

2003

   188

The Proposals for Constitution of Hi-Tech Fast - Track Commercial Divisions in High Courts.

       2003

   189

Revision of Court Fees Structure

2004

190

The Revision of the Insurance Act, 1938 and the Insurance Regulatory and Development Authority Act, 1999

2004

191

Regulation of Funds collected for Calamity Relief.

2004

192

Prevention of vexatious Litigation.

2005

193

Transnational Litigation, Conflict of Laws, Law of Limitation.

2005

194

Verification of Stamp Duties and Registration of Arbitral Awards.

2005

195

The Judges (Inquiry) Bill, 2005

2006

196

Medical Treatment to Terminally Ill Patients (Protection of Patients and Medical Practitioners)

2006

197

Public Prosecutor’s Appointments.

2006

198

Witness Identity Protection and Witness Protection Programmes

2006

199

Unfair (Procedural and Substancive) Terms in Contracts

2006

200

Trial by Media:  Free Speech Vs. Fair Trial Under Criminal Procedure (Amendments to the Contempt of Court Act,   1971)

2006

201

Medical Treatment after Accidents and During Emergency Medical Condition and Women in Labour

2006

BACK TO LAW COMMISSION

EIGHTEENTH LAW COMMISSION

(Chairman Dr. Justice AR. Lakshmanan 2007-2009)

202

Proposal to Amend Section 304-B of the Indian Penal Code

         2007

203

Section 438 of the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973 as Amended by the Code of Criminal Procedure (Amendment) Act, 2005 (Anticipatory Bail)

2007

204

Proposal to Amend the Hindu Succession Act, 1956 as amended by Act 39 of 2005.

2008

205

Proposal to Amend the Prohibition of Child Marriage Act,  2006 and other allied Laws.

2008

206

Proposal for enactment of new Coroners Act applicable to the whole of India

2008

207

Proposal to amend Section 15 of the Hindu Succession Act, 1956 in case a female dies intestate leaving herself acquired property with no heirs.

2008

208

Proposal for amendment of Explanation to Section 6 of the Hindu Succession Act, 1956 to include oral partition and family arrangement in the definition of "partition"

2008

209

Proposal for omission of Section 213 from the Indian Succession Act, 1925

2008

210

Humanization and Decriminalization of Attempt to Suicide.

2008

211

Laws on Registration of Marriage and Divorce –A Proposal for Consolidation and Reform.

2008

212

Laws of Civil Marriages in India – A Proposal to Resolve Certain Conflicts

2008

213

Fast Track Magisterial Courts for Dishonoured Cheque Cases

2008

214

Proposal for reconsideration of Judges cases I, II and III - SP GUPTA Vs. UOI

2008

215

L . Chandra Kumar be revisited by Larger bench of Supreme Court of India

2008

216

Non-Feasibility of Introduction of Hindi as Compulsory Language in the Supreme Court of India

2008

217


Irretrievable Breakdown of Marriage - Another Ground for Divorce.

2009

218

Need to accede to the Hague Convention on the Civil Aspects of International Child Abduction (1980).

2009

219

Need for Family Law Legislations for Non-resident Indians.

2009

220

Need to fix Maximum Chargeable Court-fees in Subordinate Civil Courts.

2009

221

Need for Speedy Justice – Some Suggestions.

2009

222

Need for Justice–dispensation through ADR etc.

2009

223

Need for Ameliorating the lot of the Have-nots - Supreme Court’s Judgments.

2009

224

Amendment of Section 2 of the Divorce Act 1869 Enabling Non-domiciled Estranged Christian Wives to seek Divorce.

2009

225

Amendment of Sections 7, 7A, and 7B of Industrial Disputes Act 1947 Making Advocates Eligible to man Labour Courts and Industrial Tribunals.
2009

2009

226

The Inclusion of Acid Attacks as Specific Offences in the Indian Penal Code and a Law for Compensation for Victims of Crime.

2009

227

Preventing Bigamy via Conversion to Islam - A Proposal for giving Statutory Effect to Supreme Court Rulings

2009

228

Need For Legislation to Regulate Assisted Reproductive Technology Clinics as Well as Rights and Obligations of Parties to a Surrogacy

2009

229

Need for division of the Supreme Court into a Constitution Bench at Delhi and Cassation Benches in four regions at Delhi, Chennai/ Hyderabad, Kolkata and Mumbai

2009

230

Reforms in the Judiciary – Some suggestions

2009

231

Amendments in Indian Stamp Act 1899 And Court-Fees Act 1870 Permitting Different Modes of Payment

2009

232

Retirement Age of Chairpersons and Members of Tribunals – Need for Uniformity

2009

233

Amendment of Code of Criminal Procedure Enabling Restoration of Complaints

2009

234

Legal Reforms to Combat Road Accidents

2009

 

 

 

Nineteenth Law Commission
(Chairman Mr. Justice P. V. Reddi, 2009-2012)

235

Conversion/reconversion to another religion - mode of proof

2010

236

Court-fees in Supreme Court vis-à-vis Corporate Litigation

2010

237
Compounding of (IPC) offences
2011
238
Amendment of Section 89 of the Code of Civil Procedure, 1908 and Allied provisions
2011
239
Expeditious Investigation and Trial of Criminal Cases Against 2012 Influential Public Personalities
2012
240
Costs in Civil Litigation
2012
241
Passive Euthanasia - A Relook
2012
242
Prevention of Interference with the freedom of Matrimonial Alliances 2012 (in the name of Honour and Tradition ) : A suggested legal framework
2012
243
Section 498 A, IPC
2012
Twentieth Law Commission
(Chairman Mr. Justice D. K. Jain,
(25.01.2013 - 05.10.2013)

 

CONTACT US

Member-Secretary
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Kasturba Gandhi Marg, New Delhi – 110 001
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E-mail: lci-dla@nic.in
Website: http://lawcommissionofindia.nic.in